CSS Text Transform

Capitalize or change case of text with CSS

Web designers can utilize the CSS text-transform property to control text capitalization. By default, capitalization is set to off and text is rendered as it was input.

The three cross-browser compatible values for text-transform are capitalize, uppercase and lowercase. Capitalize changes the first character of each word. Uppercase tranforms all characters to uppercase and lowercase transforms all characters to lowercase.

This tutorial uses HTML and CSS.

    Tools are required:

  • Text editor.
  • Browser to view output.

Optional Download and install Geany

Geany is required in order to follow this tutorial. For more information about Geany read Ojambo.com Lightweight Programming Editors.

HTML-CSS-Text-Transform.html file


	Copyright 2012 Edward <http://ojambo.com>

	This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
	it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
	the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
	(at your option) any later version.

	This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
	but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
	GNU General Public License for more details.

	You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
	along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
	Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor, Boston,
	MA 02110-1301, USA.

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Strict//EN"
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" xml:lang="en" lang="en">

	<title>Ojambo.com HTML CSS Text Transform</title>
<style type="text/css">
	/* Capitalize Text */
	p#capitalize { text-transform:capitalize; }
	p#uppercase { text-transform:uppercase; }
	/* lowercase text */
	p#lowercase { text-transform:lowercase; }

	<p id="normal">This is the original text.</p>
	<p id="capitalize">This is the capitalized text.</p>
	<p id="uppercase">This is the uppercase text.</p>
	<p id="lowercase">This is the lowercase text.</p>


The CSS type is an internal style sheet. The styles for the id (identifiers) are defined in the head section using the style tag. The values for capitalize, uppercase, and lowercase for text-transform change the text to capitalize, uppercase, and lowercase respectively.

How to Use:

    Open Browser

  • Load test html file.
  • Compare original text to transformed text.


Ojambo.com CSS Text Transform Tutorial

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Ojambo.com CSS Text Transform Tutorial


The CSS text-transform function can be used to style text. The styled text can be capitalized or changed to either uppercase or lowercase. One possible use by designers for text transformation is to conform to the site theme.

The CSS text-transform property is turned off by default so that text can be displayed as it was input. Text-transform is cross-browser compatible.


  1. Use the text-transform property to make the site consistent.
  2. Do not over-use text-transform, use it for items such as buttons and menus.